Skip to main content

Act of Annexation to Mexico

National Palace of Guatemala, January 5, 1822. After bringing into view the responses of the Municipalities of the Provinces, given by virtue of the circular letter of last November 30, in which they were instructed to explore the will of the people in an open Council regarding the Union with the Mexican Empire proposed by His Serene Highness Don Agustín de Iturbide, President of the Regency, in his letter of October 19, which was attached in print form; and also considering the responses given by the courts and ecclesiastical and secular leaders on the same matter, whom it was deemed appropriate to consult, the general will was examined and determined as follows:

The Municipalities that have clearly agreed to the Union, as stated in the communication from the Government of Mexico, are one hundred and four.

Those who have agreed to it with certain considerations they deemed necessary, are eleven.

Those who have entrusted their will to the Provisional Board, taking into account the overall circumstances in which the Provinces find themselves, are thirty-two.

Those who expressed their non-conformity with the Union are two.

The remaining ones have not responded, or if they have, it has not been received.

And considering the printed report on the population of the Kingdom, made through an approximate calculation based on the existing censuses for the election of Deputies, which was circulated last November, it was found that the clearly expressed will for the Union exceeded the absolute majority of the population gathered under this Government. And when including the will of the Intendancy of Nicaragua, which since its declaration of independence from the Spanish Government joined Mexico, completely separating from it; the will of Comayagua, which is in the same situation; the will of Ciudad Real de Chiapas, which joined the Empire even before the Independence of this city was declared; the will of Quetzaltenango, Sololá, and some other towns that have recently independently adhered to the Union, it was found that the general will amounted to an almost total sum. And bearing in mind that the duty of the Board, in this case, is to convey to the Government of Mexico what the people desire, it was decided to verify it as indicated in the letter of the current day, the 3rd.